Abdominal pain is the discomfort and sensations like throbbing, cramping, burning and spasmodic p...Abdominal pain
Abdominal pain is the discomfort and sensations like throbbing, cramping, burning and spasmodic pain in the internal organs of the abdominal region. Different disorders in the appendix, ovary, gall bladder, liver, kidney, large and small intestine lead to this pain. First aid management will help in relieving the condition. The steps are
Animal bites and stings require medical attention as there are chances of infection and poisoning...Animal bite and sting
Animal bites and stings require medical attention as there are chances of infection and poisoning. Deep puncture caused due to sting or bites transmits germs deep inside the tissue. Few symptoms of animal bit are skin break, bleeding, puncture, bruise, cut, localized warmth in the affected area, redness or swelling and fluid oozing out. Animal bites and sting requires first aid, which will be followed by treatment depending on the severity.
Asthma attacks might develop within a span of a few minutes to a few weeks. Coughing, tightness i...Asthma attacks
Asthma attacks might develop within a span of a few minutes to a few weeks. Coughing, tightness in the chest and wheezing are major symptoms of this attack. Signs of severe asthma attacks are failure to speak couple of words in one breath, feeling anxious, distressed, fall short of breath, sweaty and pale appearance and change in color of skin around the lips. Once these symptoms are visible, it is important to start first aid immediately.
Let the victim sit upright and be calm, never leave them alone rather provide them reassurance.
Loosen the clothes, if it is tight.
Provide them an inhaler, if possible with a spacer.
Let the person put their mouth around the mouthpiece and breathe slowly. Give four puffs, with a gap of one minute between each puff.
Now wait 4 minutes and if the situation persists then repeat set of four puffs.
Small cuts, broken bones, injuries of organs all results in bleeding. If it is caused due to cuts...Bleeding
Small cuts, broken bones, injuries of organs all results in bleeding. If it is caused due to cuts, scratches or wounds, then prior to taking any medical help, first aid is a viable option. It results in fear and anxiety and severe bleeding leads to a shock. Pain, discoloration, bruising, inability to perform normally and sweaty skin are a few common symptoms of bleeding. For first aid, you need to wear disposable gloves or wash hands and follow.
A broken bone or fracture might be due to injury, accident or trauma and needs immediate medical ...Broken bone
A broken bone or fracture might be due to injury, accident or trauma and needs immediate medical attention. These are not life-threatening, you might not see any blood on the surface of the skin, but it might lead to internal bleeding. There are both open and closed fractures depending on the nature of the damage. Common symptoms of broken bones are intense pain that aggravates with movement, bluish color, numbness, swelling, heavy bleeding, protruding bone and deformity. A first aid care is important to avoid further injury.
You can get burned when in contact with any heat source like hot liquid, hot metal, steam or elec...Burn
You can get burned when in contact with any heat source like hot liquid, hot metal, steam or electricity. A layer of clothing over this area might result in retaining heat and aggravates the injury. Few symptoms of burns are severe pain, blisters, peeling and redness of the skin, fluid seeping out of the burnt area, swelling, dizziness, vomiting, and nausea. Applying first aid prior to medical evaluation by a doctor helps in relieving the pain and healing it.
Choking occurs when the airway is blocked by any foreign object and you are unable to breathe. Mi...Choking
Choking occurs when the airway is blocked by any foreign object and you are unable to breathe. Mild blockage can be cleared by coughing, but for severe one without a first aid, they might lose consciousness. Due to choking oxygen is cut off from the brain so administering first aid is a necessity. Hand clutching the throat is a common sign of choking, other symptoms are difficulty in breathing, nails, lips and skin turning blue, losing consciousness and difficulty in breathing. If the victim is conscious.
A cut is an opening of the sin which might be deep or smooth. It affects muscles, tendons, blood ...Cuts and wound
A cut is an opening of the sin which might be deep or smooth. It affects muscles, tendons, blood vessels and nerves. Wounds are painful and if it is contaminated with bacteria and dirt, there might be an outbreak of infection. If there is a foreign material in the puncture then the wound becomes painful. Pain and bleeding are two common symptoms of wounds or cuts. A first aid is necessary to stop bleeding and prevent infection.
Dehydration occurs when the human body loses fluid more in comparison to the intake. Elderlies an...Dehydration
Dehydration occurs when the human body loses fluid more in comparison to the intake. Elderlies and children are more prone to dehydration. When the body loses, electrolytes and salts that are vital for the body it leads to dehydration. Few symptoms of dehydration are dry mouth, dizziness, headache, passing dark urine, dry skin, lightheadedness, muscle cramps and sleepiness. If untreated, dehydration can become severe and you need to rehydrate the body soon. Few first aid tips are
Diabetes is caused due to any pancreatic disorder where no insulin is produced. The majority of d...Diabetic emergency
Diabetes is caused due to any pancreatic disorder where no insulin is produced. The majority of diabetes patients can manage conditions well by administering insulin. However, if there is a drop in the level of sugar and there is an urgent need of patients for first aid, the condition is also referred as hypoglycemia. Few important symptoms are extreme tiredness, abdominal pain, vomiting, nausea, severe thirst, headache, dizziness, sweaty skin, rapid loss and erratic behavior. Prior to any attention from medical professionals, you can provide first aids like
It is important to monitor the level of glucose till they recover fully.
Diarrhea is mostly caused due to gastrointestinal infections. Across different age groups diarrhe...Diarrhea
Diarrhea is mostly caused due to gastrointestinal infections. Across different age groups diarrhea is a common illness that leads to loss of fluids, minerals and essential salts. Owing to this loss, the body is dehydrated and leads to imbalance in electrolyte level. Food allergies, poisoning, excessive intake of caffeine and alcohol can lead to diarrhea. Fever, cramps in the abdominal region, frequent stool, tiredness, dehydration, weight loss and appetite loss are a few common symptoms that are evident. First aid measures that you can follow are
Dizziness is uncomfortable and is associated with nausea and vomiting. Though it is not a serious...Dizziness
Dizziness is uncomfortable and is associated with nausea and vomiting. Though it is not a serious health condition, but indicates an underlying problem. Often this leads to unsteadiness and injury, thus, it is essential to provide the victims with first aid immediately. The symptoms of dizziness are like feeling unsteady, spinning sensation, blurred vision, inability to walk, hearing loss and a sudden fall. First aid tips essential in this situation are
Electric Shock or electrocution occurs when there is flow of electric current through the human b...Electric Shock
Electric Shock or electrocution occurs when there is flow of electric current through the human body. Since the human body comprises of almost 60 to 70 percent of water, it serves as a good electrical conductor. These shocks result in burns of the exterior surface and internal organs. As a result of electric shock few symptoms are seizures, contraction of muscles, falling down, burns, fractures, dehydration, blood clotting and narcosis. If a person is electrocuted few first aid steps that you can follow are
Splinters like parts of plastics, metal, wood and glass are often embedded in the skin as part of...Embedded glass or splinter
Splinters like parts of plastics, metal, wood and glass are often embedded in the skin as part of different activities. If those are not removed from the skin, it might cause an allergic reaction or infection. For removing splinters, you do not require any medical assistance. As a result of embedded splinters, you will notice a speck on the skin. Often there is pain, swelling, redness, pus or warmth associated with it that results in infection. You might even feel pain in the affected area or something stuck in your skin. First aid that can help you in this condition are
When the temperature of the human body is higher than the normal temperature, it is known as feve...Fever
When the temperature of the human body is higher than the normal temperature, it is known as fever. It is not an illness or any ailment, but represents an underlying condition or an infection. Depending on the age and condition of the body, fever might not require any medical treatment. Few experts believe that all fevers are not caused due to any infection. Different symptoms of fever are nausea, headache, body ache, vomiting, constipation, lack of any interest in eating, diarrhea, flushed face and at times convulsion and delirium. First ai tips for managing fever are
Injury of the head needs to be treated seriously as it might damage the brain. In many cases, the...Head injury
Injury of the head needs to be treated seriously as it might damage the brain. In many cases, the injury and damage is not evident in the initial hours. Severity of the condition depends on how the head was injured and its impact. If the response level of the victim deteriorates or watery blood seeps from nose or ear, then consider it to be a serious condition. Few symptoms are blurred vision, pounding headache, loss of coordination, altered sensation, vomiting, altered state of consciousness, loss of memory, loss of balance and leaking of fluid from the nose. Prior to any medical assistance, you can apply first aids like
When there is a blockage in the supply of blood to the heart or a blood clot, it results in heart...Heart attack
When there is a blockage in the supply of blood to the heart or a blood clot, it results in heart attack. It might occur anytime of the day during activities like shopping, watching television or while sleeping. Symptoms of a heart attack might vary depending on the condition of the body. Few of these are pain in the central position of chest, and gradually spreading to chest, neck, shoulders, teeth, arms and upper abdomen, nausea, sweating, dizziness, numbness, lightheadedness, perspiration, pale skin and weak pulse. Any of these symptoms, need the attention of doctors, but till the medical help arises, you can try first tips like
Make them lean against the wall so that shoulders and head get support, you can bend the knees as it helps in easing the pressure.
A migraine headache is characterized by severe and one-sided pain of the head along with vomiting...Migraine headache
A migraine headache is characterized by severe and one-sided pain of the head along with vomiting or nausea and sound or light sensitivity. This headache can last till 72 hours, and its frequency might vary in between daily to few attacks annually. Inappropriate sleek, certain foods, irregular food pattern, stress, fluctuation of hormone level, odor and heat a trigger this type of headache. Symptoms of migraine headache are sudden change of mood, sensory or visual disturbances, one-sided pain and termination of pain with sleep. When the pain strikes, it is important to manage the condition with first aid tips
Nose bleeding is common and it occurs when there is flow of blood from both nostrils. This is cau...Nose bleeding
Nose bleeding is common and it occurs when there is flow of blood from both nostrils. This is caused if the blood vessels in the nostrils are ruptured. Causes of bleeding are high pressure, dryness, allergies, infections, certain types of medication, sneezing, blowing or picking of the nose. Nose bleed might look scary but it is harmless and it is common among elderlies and children. Bleeding lasts for a few minutes, but if there is a blow on the head, then the blood will appear watery and thin and it requires immediate medical treatment. As a first aid, the attempt should be to stop bleeding open the airway.
Poisoning is the result of exposure of the human body to harmful chemicals either through breathi...Poisoning
Poisoning is the result of exposure of the human body to harmful chemicals either through breathing, injecting and swallowing. Poisoning can be caused due to accidents and first aid is important during these emergencies as it helps in saving life. Symptoms and signs of poisoning often mimic different conditions like redness or burns around the lips and mouth, difficulty in breathing, vomiting, drowsiness and altered mental state. These symptoms develop over time, but if you know that a victim is poisoned then do not wait for signs to surface. First aid tips are
Seizures are caused due to changes in the electrical activity of the brain. It is a common incide...Seizures
Seizures are caused due to changes in the electrical activity of the brain. It is a common incident as almost one out of ten people has a seizure. Symptoms range from mild to severe but these might be the sign of a severe medical problem. Irrespective of the severity of the condition, it can lead to injury. Symptoms of seizures are brief blackout, sudden change of behavior, snorting, grunting, eye movement, bowel control, sudden fall, clenching of teeth, a bitter or metallic taste, muscle spasms, shaking of the body and change in mood. Before thus attacks, victims, might feel anxious and have visual symptoms. Few first aid tips that you need to apply are
Smoke inhalation is the major cause of death when there is a fire break out. It occurs when a vic...Smoke Inhalation
Smoke inhalation is the major cause of death when there is a fire break out. It occurs when a victim breathes in smoke caused due to combustion of various products. Predicting the actual composition of smoke is impossible, but it mainly comprises of gas and particles. Owing to this a person suffers from both thermal and chemical injuries in different parts of the airway by various harmful gasses like carbon monoxide and cyanide. Symptoms of this condition depend on heat source or exposure of a victim to the smoke. Nausea, headache, trouble in breathing, hoarseness, cough, fainting and irritation in eyes. As first aid
If there is an injury of the ligaments due to partial or complete tear it is called Sprain. Ligam...Sprain
If there is an injury of the ligaments due to partial or complete tear it is called Sprain. Ligaments are elastic-like, tough bands that hold bones and joints in proper place. Knee and ankle sprains are reported most commonly. The degree of swelling and pain determines the severity of the condition. Signs of a sprain are pain in the affected area, inability to move the injured area and swelling. The majority of the sprains can be treated at home with few first aid tips.
In stroke brain is affected as there is an interruption in the supply of blood to the brain. A cl...Stroke
In stroke brain is affected as there is an interruption in the supply of blood to the brain. A clot or rupture of blood vessel obstructs the blood flow to the brain and results in death of brain cells. Different symptoms of stroke are weakness, numbness, tingling sensation on a particular side of the body, nausea, double vision, bowel control, slurred speak, imbalance, headache, loss of coordination and unconsciousness. In short, you need to conduct the FAST that is Face, Arms, Speech and Time test. Immediate medical assistant is necessary for this condition, but you can apply apply few first aid tips for relief.
Toothache is common across different age groups and primary reason for it is tooth decay. Bacteri...Toothache
Toothache is common across different age groups and primary reason for it is tooth decay. Bacteria thrives on the starch and sugar in the food that you will consume. Acid that these bacteria produce forms a sticky plaque on the outer layer of the teeth, which in a way creates a cavity. Sign of tooth decay is pain while eating hot, cold and sweet things. Other symptoms are swelling of the jaws and bleeding of gums or tooth. If there is a sign of a toothache, then few first aid tips are